At the Blossom Federation we have devised our own phonics programme based upon the principles of Letters and Sounds. We use a range of resources, phase linked books and strategies to tailor the phonics provision to meet the needs of our pupils. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills.

By creating a system which works for our children, we can teach phonics creatively, provide opportunities for our children to enjoy learning and feel successful that the provision is delivering what our children need. This has been a successful approach leading to excellent outcomes for our children.

Phase 1 (Nursery and Reception)

This develops listening skills and awareness of sounds within the environment.  Through this vocabulary is developed as the children learn to distinguish and talk about the differences between sounds they hear.  Throughout this stage children encouraged to listen to:

  • Environmental sounds
  • Instrumental sounds
  • Body percussion
  • Rhythm and rhyme
  • Alliteration
  • Voice sounds
  • Oral blending and segmenting

Phase 2 (Nursery and Reception)

In phase two children learn 19 letters of the alphabet and its corresponding sound.  They learn to blend and segment sounds.  During this stage the begin to make and read simple words and sentences.

Phase 3 (Reception)

During this phase they learn the remaining letters of the alphabet and the corresponding sound.  They also learn sounds that are represented by two or more letters.  They continue to read and write sentences using letters learned and practice reading high frequency words.

Phase 4 (Reception and Key Stage 1)

In this phase they consolidate knowledge of sounds learned so far.  They begin to read longer more challenging words and begin to read ‘tricky’ (words that cannot be segmented for reading) eg ‘said’, ‘come’, ‘when’.

Phase 5 (Year 1)

During this phase children learn alternatives spellings of sounds they already know eg ‘ay’ as in day and ‘ai’ as in rain and a new set of sounds made up of two or three letters.  They also learn spelling rules for sounds learned.  They begin to read longer words made up of two or three syllables.

Phase 6 (Year 1 and Year 2)

In this phase they learn more complex rules of spelling for example the use of suffixes, prefixes, doubling letter or dropping letters off to add ‘ing’.  The learn about using words in the past tense as well as long and short vowel sounds.  Throughout this they continue to learn to read, practice and apply their knowledge.

Letters and Sounds

For additional information and support we recommend that you visit the Letters and Sounds website.