At Lauriston we believe that the targeted teaching and learning of excellent literacy skills at an appropriate level for each child is one of the most important and fundamental aspects of our duties as a school.

We are committed to high standards across all the strands of Literacy: oracy, reading and writing. In order to maximise opportunities to develop literacy skills, we make cross-curricular links wherever possible. This also ensures that coverage of the National Curriculum.


Oracy permeates the entire curriculum. Interactive teaching strategies are used to engage all pupils in pupil talk and discussion throughout lessons. Students are encouraged to develop effective communication skills in readiness for later life and further development of their reading and writing skills.

Approaches to Speaking and Listening:

  • Group discussions and reporting back to the class
  • Talk partners
  • Groups or individuals re-teaching known points to the class
  • Whole class discussion
  • Circle time


Reading Curriculum


Early Years

Context for Learning: Structured play is the vehicle used to deliver the writing curriculum

The Learning Environment: The foundation stage provides easily accessible, varied writing materials that children know are available if they wish to use them, and which are actively promoted within the planning structure.

The Learning Structure: The High Scope method of Plan/Do/Review used in the foundation stage is ideal for the promotion of writing skills.  The children draw ‘plans’ of what they intend to do and the adult scribes their words.  This enhances their self – esteem and makes them more independent.  It also encourages them to verbalise their thoughts – which they can then see written down and read back to them. This demonstrates the link between written and spoken word.

Promotion of Learning:

  • The Nursery and Reception planning incorporates many exciting writing opportunities to entice even the most reluctant ‘emergent writers’ to try their hand.  These including imaginative, functional and personal writing opportunities. There are a number of opportunities given through purposeful activities and role play e.g making shopping lists, writing cards, letters etc
  • The process of mark making enables children to give meaning to marks and are beginning to use recognisable letters and then using letter sounds.
  • A wide variety of writing implements are provided and are always accessible, for example crayons, chalk, felt pens, biros and pencils
  • The medium used for drawing their ‘daily plans’ also varies, to stimulate interest and widen their experience, for example paper, card, colours, shapes, cards, notebooks, lists, jotters, rough/smooth, thick/thin etc.
  • Within the learning environment the teacher and other adults are constantly ‘modelling’ writing.  The children therefore interpret writing as a desirable thing to do.  They also see the way words are constructed, the formation of sentences and use of punctuation. (Knowledge about Language 5 – 14)

Key Stage 1 and 2

The writing process:

At Lauriston we focus on each child producing 6 pieces of extensive high quality writing (one for each half term) each academic year. Teachers have up to four weeks to work on each of these with the children.

For these six pieces of writing we follow the process of:

  • immersion (into the topic to hook the children)
  • notes or first thoughts
  • first draft
  • edit and review
  • published piece
  • final piece of writing goes on display


We have a handwriting scheme which is taught from Year 1 to Year 6. Teaching children clear, neat handwriting helps the children understand the importance of clear and neat presentation in order for them to communicate effectively; the scheme we use is called Nelson Thornes Handwriting. It is taught throughout the week and by doing so will help children write legibly in both joined and printed styles with increasing fluency. At Lauriston, we expect children to be using cursive handwriting by Year 3 and therefore we begin teaching the joins in Year 1. When the children’s handwriting meets the school’s standards, they will meet with Mr B and Mrs Flynn to ascertain whether they are ready to begin using a pen. If so, they will be awarded a Pen Licence, will receive an award in assembly and a certaificate to acknowledge their success.

A basic summary of the scheme, showing letter formation and joins between letters is as follows:

You can help by using this as a reference guide for any practise or writing your child does at home. If you would like any additional activities, please see your class teacher.


In Year 3 - 6 spelling is taught following National Curriculum Guidelines. It is taught as a stand-alone session twice a week yet is also integrated into literacy and cross-curricular sessions.

The following document states the rules for spelling and includes example words that pupils from each year group must learn:

The National Curriculum in England - Spelling


At Lauriston, teachers make regular on going assessments of the children’s oracy, reading and writing. Through feedback and marking teachers assess and give guidance for progress. At two checkpoints in the year, pupils also complete summative reading assessments.  At this time teachers also look at students’ writing (across subjects) in order to make judgments on particular writing skills. These all feed into teacher planning, which allow us to ensure coverage of the National Curriculum.